Exodus: Smitten Enemy

Posted: August 13th, 2017 | Author: | Filed under: Sermons | Comments Off on Exodus: Smitten Enemy

<“Exodus: Smitten Enemy

Click Above to Listen!
A Sermon by Dr. Bob Griffin, Teaching Elder at Sovereign Grace Church

I. PREPARING FOR VICTORY
A. GREEDY ENEMY

>>1. IDENTIFYING THE ENEMY
Ex 17:8a Then Amalek came (Heb 11:27; 12:16-17; Gen 14:7; 25:34; Num 13:29)
>>2 SNEAK ATTACK
Ex 17:8b and attacked Israel at Rephidim. (Deut 25:17-18)

B. GUTS TO RESPOND
>>1. PHYSICAL BATTLE
Ex 17:9a, 10a So Moses said to Joshua, “Choose for us men, and go out and fight with Amalek. So, Joshua did as Moses told him, and fought with Amalek. (Ex 13:17)
>>2. SPIRITUAL BATTLE
Ex 17:9b, 10b Tomorrow I will stand on the top of the hill with the staff of God in my hand . . . while Moses, Aaron, and Hur went up to the top of the hill.

II. SEEING GOD WORK
A. GAIN OR LOSS

>>1. EBB & FLOW
Ex 17:11 Whenever Moses held up his hand, Israel prevailed, and whenever he lowered his hand, Amalek prevailed. (Ex 2:11-15)
>>2. SUPPORT
Ex 17:12a But Moses’ hands grew weary, so they took a stone and put it under him, and he sat on it, while Aaron and Hur held up his hands, one on one side, and the other on the other side. (Col 4:2, 12)

B. GROUNDED ON THE ROCK
>>1. CONSISTENCY
Ex 17:12b So his hands were steady until the going down of the sun.
>>2. VICTORY
Ex 17:13 And Joshua overwhelmed Amalek and his people with the sword. (I Sam 17:46-47)

III. RECORDING GOD’S ANSWER
A. GLORIFYING GOD

>>1. MEMORIAL
Ex 17:14a Then YHWH said to Moses, “Write this as a memorial in a book and repeat it in the ears of Joshua” (Ex 17:14; 24:4-7; 34:27-28; Num 33:1-2; Deut 31:9,24)
>>2. CONDEMNATION
Ex 17:14b I will utterly blot out the memory of Amalek from under heaven. (Ex 4:22, 23)

B. GRATEFUL HEARTS
>>1. ALTAR
Ex 17:15 And Moses built an altar and called the name of it, YHWH-Nissi, the LORD Is My Banner.
(Ps 60:4; Is 11:10)
>>2. PROMISE
Ex 17:16 For He said, “I swear that I, YHWH, will have war with Amalek from generation to generation.”
(Num 24:20; I Sam 14:48; 15:2-33; II Sam 1:1, 13; 8:12; I Chron 4:41-43; Est 3:1; Gal 5:17; Jn 3:3; Rom 8:29; Heb 12:23; Eph 1:11-14; Phil 3:20; Heb 3:1; II Cor 4:6)


Exodus: Smitten Rock

Posted: August 6th, 2017 | Author: | Filed under: Sermons | Comments Off on Exodus: Smitten Rock

<“Exodus: Smitten Rock

Click Above to Listen!
A Sermon by Dr. Bob Griffin, Teaching Elder at Sovereign Grace Church

I. UNDERSTANDING THE NARRATIVE
A. GRUMBLING

>>1. QUANDRY
Ex 17:1 All the congregation of the people of Israel moved on from the wilderness of Sin [Zen] by stages, according to the commandment of YHWH, and camped at Rephidim, but there was no water for the people to drink. (Num 33:8-14)
>>2. QUIBBLE
Ex 17:2-3 Therefore the people quarreled with Moses and demanded, “Give us water to drink.” And Moses said to them, “Why do you quarrel with me? Why do you test YHWH?” But the people thirsted there for water, and the people grumbled against Moses and said, “Why did you bring us up out of Egypt, to kill us and our children and our livestock with thirst?”
>>3. QUESTION
Ex 17:4 So Moses cried to YHWH, “What shall I do with this people? They’re almost ready to stone me.”

B. GRACE
>>1. QUALIFICATION
Ex 17:5 And YHWH said to Moses, “Pass on before the people, taking with you some of the elders of Israel, and take in your hand the staff with which you struck the Nile, and go.
>>2. QUOTATION
Ex 17:6 Behold, I will stand before you there on the rock at Horeb, and you shall strike the rock, and water shall come out of it, and the people will drink.” And Moses did this, in plain sight of the Israeli elders.
>>3. QUARREL
Ex 17:7 And he called the name of the place Massah and Meribah, because of the quarreling of the people of Israel, and because they tested YHWH by saying, “Is YHWH among us or not?” (Deut 6:16; 9:22; 33:8; Psalm 95)

II. APPLYING THE LESSONS
A. EPITAPH OF HARDNESS

>>1. MAN’S POSITION (Ps 81:7; 106:15, 24b-25; 78:57; Deut 8:16; Mt 4:5-7; Dan 3:17-18)
>>2. MAN’S PERFIDY (Ps 106:14; 78:56; Ex 15:26)

B. EVIDENCE OF GRACE
>>1. GOD’S PROVISION (Ps 105:41-42; 81:16; Deut 32:3-4a; I Cor 10:3-4)
>>2. GOD’S PRESENCE (Mt 1:23; Deut 8:15; Ps 119:67-68, 71; Heb 13:5; Mt 28:19-20; Rom 8:26)


Special Speaker: Jim Garbutt

Posted: July 30th, 2017 | Author: | Filed under: Sermons | Comments Off on Special Speaker: Jim Garbutt

<“Special Speaker: Jim Garbutt

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A Sermon by Bro. James Garbutt, Elder at Sovereign Grace Church


Exodus: Trials on the Trail

Posted: July 23rd, 2017 | Author: | Filed under: Sermons | Comments Off on Exodus: Trials on the Trail

<“Exodus: Trials in the Wilderness

Click Above to Listen!
A Sermon by Dr. Bob Griffin, Teaching Elder at Sovereign Grace Church

I. TRIAL OF THIRST
A. PROBLEM: BITTERNESS

>>1. ADVENTURE ON THE TRAIL (Ex 15:22)
>>2. FALSE HOPE ON THE TRAIL (Ex 15:23)

B. SOLUTION: STOP GRUMBLING, SEE MIRACLE
>>1. GRUMBLING ON THE TRAIL (Ex 15:24)
>>2. MIRACLE ON THE TRAIL (Ex 15:25a)

II. TRIAL OF DISEASE
A. PROBLEM: EGYPTIAN AILMENTS

>>1. RULES FOR THE TRAIL (Ex 15:25b-26a)
>>2. HEALTH ON THE TRAIL (Ex 15:26b; Mk 6:30; 8:1)

B. SOLUTION: FOLLOW LEADING OF GOD
>>1. REST ON THE TRAIL (Ex 15:27a)
>>2. OASIS ON THE TRAIL (Ex 15:27b)

III. TRIAL OF HUNGER
A. PROBLEM: NO FOOD

>>1. DEPRIVATION ON THE TRAIL (Ex 16:1-3)
>>2. NEW LEVEL OF TESTING ON THE TRAIL (Ex 16:4; Neh 9:15; Ps 105:40; 78:24-25)
>>3. MANNA ON THE TRAIL (Ex 16:11-15; Num 11:7-8)

B. SOLUTION: OBEY GOD’S RULES
>>1. GREED ON THE TRAIL (Ex 16:16-21)
>>2. SABBATHS ON THE TRAIL (Ex 16:22-30)
>>3. FORTY YEARS ON THE TRAIL (Ex 16:31-35; Heb 9:4; Jn 6:32-33)


Exodus: Songs of Victory

Posted: July 16th, 2017 | Author: | Filed under: Sermons | Comments Off on Exodus: Songs of Victory

<“Exodus: Songs of Victory

Click Above to Listen!
A Sermon by Dr. Bob Griffin, Teaching Elder at Sovereign Grace Church

I. PRAISE FOR WHAT GOD HAS DONE
A. STANZA ONE

>>1. DEVOTION (Ex 15:1-2; Deut 31:20-32:43; Ps 90; 40:3; 13:6; 27:6; 57:9; 104:33; Ps 108:3; 146:2; II Sam 22:50; Judges 5:3)
>>2. DEFEAT (Ex 15:3-5)

B. STANZA TWO
>>1. DOWNFALL (Ex 15:6-8; Ps 45:4; 48:10; 110:1; Heb 2:16)
>>2. DISASTER (Ex 15:9-10)

C. STANZA THREE
>>1. DREADFUL (Ex 15:11-12)
>>2. DELIVERANCE (Ex 15:13; 3:19-20; 12:12; 6:7; 3:5, 12; Ps 92:13; 78:54)

II. PRAISE FOR WHAT GOD WILL DO
A. STANZA FOUR

>>1. DISMAY (Ex 15:14-15; Josh 2:10)
>>2. DESPAIR (Ex 15:16; Col 3:1-3)

B. STANZA FIVE
>>1. DECISIVENESS (Ex 15:17)
>>2. DECLARATION (Ex 15:18-19; Rev 14:3-4)

C. REPETITION BY THE WOMEN
>>1. DELIGHT (Ex 15:20a; Num 12; 26:5)
>>2. DUPLICATION (Ex 15:20b-21)

BONUS: APPLICATIONS IN OUR WORSHIP TODAY
>>1. VALUE FROM THIS SONG (Lk 9:31)
>>2. ENCOURAGEMENT FROM THIS SONG
>>3. PATTERN FROM THIS SONG


Exodus: Greatest Miracle of the OT

Posted: July 9th, 2017 | Author: | Filed under: Sermons | Comments Off on Exodus: Greatest Miracle of the OT

<“Exodus: Greatest Miracle of the Old Testament

Click Above to Listen!
A Sermon by Dr. Bob Griffin, Teaching Elder at Sovereign Grace Church

I. GRANDEUR OF GOD
A. DISPLAYED

>>1. PROCESS (Ex 14:15-16; Mt 6:28; Heb 11:19)
>>2. PRECLUDE (Ex 14:17-18)

B. DEFENSE
>>1. PROTECTION (Ex 14:19; Ps 125:2; 46:1; 23:4; Gen 24:12, 27)
>>2. PREVENTION (Ex 14:20)

II. GREATNESS OF GOD
A. DELIVERANCE

>>1. PHENOMENON (Ex 14:21)
>>2. PASSAGE (Ex 14:22; II Pet 2:9; Ps 77:16-20; 50:15; 139:5-6)

B. DESTRUCTION
>>1. PERPLEXED (Ex 14:23-25a)
>>2. PANIC-STRICKEN (Ex 14:25b)

III. GOODNESS OF GOD
A. DEVASTATION

>>1. PROCLAMATION (Ex 14:26)
>>2. PUNISHED (Ex 14:27-28)

B. DEVELOPMENT
>>1. PROGRESSION (Ex 14:29-30; Deut 28:20; Prov 6:15; 29:1; I Thes 5:3)
>>2. PRAISE (Ex 14:31; (I Thes 5:4-11; II Peter 3:8-18; I Jn 3:2-3)

LESSON #1: When a door is closed, try climbing out a window
LESSON #2: Success is simply keeping on keeping on
LESSON #3: God is both our Guide and our Guard
LESSON #4: Eternal fate depends on which side of the cloud you stand
LESSON #5: Red Sea opens and closes at God’s command, and not until
LESSON #6: God marks across some days, ‘Will Explain Later’
LESSON #7: Fear loves to make things bigger than they are
LESSON #8: When it’s time to repent, there is no guarantee of tomorrow
LESSON #9: Faith that cannot be tested, cannot be trusted
LESSON #10: Fully Rely on God (F.R.O.G.)
LESSON #11: God turns burdens to blessings, tears to triumphs
LESSON #12: Our current crisis builds faith for our future crises


Exodus: First Tests of the Journey

Posted: July 2nd, 2017 | Author: | Filed under: Sermons | Comments Off on Exodus: First Tests of the Journey

<“Exodus: First Test of the Journey

Click Above to Listen!
A Sermon by Dr. Bob Griffin, Teaching Elder at Sovereign Grace Church

I. GUIDANCE OF GOD
A. DETAILS

>>1. PREPARATION (Ex 13:17-18; I Cor 10:13; Is 43:19)
>>2. PROMISE (Ex 13:19; Heb 11:22; Josh 24:32; Gen 50:24-26)

B. DIRECTION
>>1. PROGRESS (Ex 13:20; Is 11:15; I Cor 10:13)
>>2. PRESENCE OF GOD (Ex 13:21-22; Jn 14:17; Col 1:27; Ps 105:39; 84:11; Isa 63:7-14)

II. GLORY OF GOD
A. DECEPTION

>>1. PLAN (Ex 14:1-2)
>>2. PERCEPTION (Ex 14:3-4; Jn 12:27-28; Ps 37:23-24; 50:15)

B. DETERMINATION
>>1. PROSPECT (Ex 14:5-7; Gen 3; Mt 13; Jn 10; I Pet 5; Rev 12)
>>2. PURSUIT (Ex 14:8-9; Jas 4:7-8)

III. GRACE OF GOD
A. DISCOURAGEMENT

>>1. PRAYER (Ex 14:10; Ps 46:1)
>>2. PRESUMPTION (Ex 14:11-12)

B. DECLARATION
>>1. PROVISION (Ex 14:13)
>>2. POWER (Ex 14:14; Deut 1:29-30; 31:6; I Sam 17:47)

LESSON #1: Trust God’s wisdom over your own
LESSON #2: God always keeps His promises
LESSON #3: The same God who led you IN will lead you OUT
LESSON #4: Never doubt in the DARK what God told you in the LIGHT
LESSON #5: To the child of God, there is no such thing as an ‘accident’
LESSON #6: Focus on God’s eternal glory not your own temporary relief
LESSON #7: Acknowledge the enemy (but trust the Lord)
LESSON #8: When hemmed in on every side, the only way to look is ‘up’
LESSON #9: When we find ourselves with no easy escape, we must cry out to God
LESSON #10: It takes tight places to break lifetime habits
LESSON #11: God wants our emotions under control
LESSON #12: Leave room for God to work


Exodus: Leaving Egypt Behind

Posted: June 25th, 2017 | Author: | Filed under: Sermons | Comments Off on Exodus: Leaving Egypt Behind

<“Exodus: Leaving Egypt Behind

Click Above to Listen!
A Sermon by Dr. Bob Griffin, Teaching Elder at Sovereign Grace Church

I. REDEMPTION
A. DEATH OF EGYPT’S FIRSTBORN

>>1. PLAGUE ON EGYPT (Ex 12:29-30; Josh 2:9-11; Ex 4:22-23; 2:23; 5:15; Ps 105:36)
>>2. PERSUASION (Ex 12:31-33; 11:1; 3:19-20; Ps 105:38)

B. DELIVERANCE OF GOD’S FIRSTBORN
>>1. PROVISION (Ex 12:34-36; 11:3; 12:33-36; Ps 105:37)
>>2. PEOPLE (Ex 12:37-39; 8:21)

II. REJOICING
A. DELIGHT OF GOD’S FIRSTBORN

>>1. PRAISE (Num 33:2-3a)
>>2. PRIDE (Num 33:3b-4)

B. DETERMINATION
>>1. PRESERVATION (Ex 12:40-42)
>>2. PRONOUNCEMENT (Ex 12:51)

III. REMEMBRANCE
A. DEDICATION OF GOD’S FIRSTBORN

>>1. PROCLAMATION (Ex 13:1-2, 11-13; II Kgs 16:2-3)
>>2. PICTURE (Ex 13:14-16)

B. DESTINY OF GOD’S FIRSTBORN
>>1. PRINCIPLE (Ex 13:3-7; Gen 50:20; Rom 8:28)
>>2. PLEDGE (Ex 13:8-10; Deut 6:4-9; 11:13-21; Mt 23:5; Rev 13:16)


Exodus: The First Passover

Posted: June 18th, 2017 | Author: | Filed under: Sermons | Comments Off on Exodus: The First Passover

<“Exodus: The First Passover

Click Above to Listen!
A Sermon by Dr. Bob Griffin, Teaching Elder at Sovereign Grace Church

I. INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE FIRST PASSOVER
A. PASSOVER LAMB

>>1. TAKE THE LAMB (Ex 12:1-3; also Ps 103:10)
YHWH said to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, “This month shall be for you the beginning of months. It shall be the first month of the year for you. Tell all the congregation of Israel that on the tenth day of this month every man shall take a lamb according to their fathers’ houses, a lamb for a household.
>>2. SHARE THE LAMB (Ex 12:4)
And if the household is too small for a lamb, then he and his nearest neighbor shall take according to the number of persons; according to what each can eat you shall make your count for the lamb.
>>3. PURITY OF THE LAMB (Ex 12:5-6; also Mt 25:32)
Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male a year old. You may take it from the sheep or from the goats, and you shall keep it until the fourteenth day of this month, when the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill their lambs at sunset.

B. PASSOVER MEAL
>>1. RULES FOR EATING (Ex 12:7-10)
Then they shall take some of the blood and put it on the two doorposts and the lintel of the houses in which they eat it. They shall eat the flesh that night, roasted on the fire; with unleavened bread and bitter herbs they shall eat it. Do not eat any of it raw or boiled in water, but roasted, its head with its legs and its inner parts. And you shall let none of it remain until the morning; anything that remains until the morning you shall burn.
>>2. ATTITUDE WHILE EATING (Ex 12:11; also Heb 11:28)
In this manner you shall eat it: with your belt fastened, your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand. And you shall eat it in haste. It is YHWH’S Passover.

C. PASSOVER PROTECTION
>>1. PASS THROUGH EGYPT (Ex 12:12; also I Cor 5:7; Jn 1:29; I Pet 1:19)
For I will pass through the land of Egypt that night, and I will strike all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and on all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgments: I am YHWH.
>>2. PASS OVER YOU (Ex 12:13)
The blood shall be a sign for you, on the houses where you are. And when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and no plague will befall you to destroy you, when I strike the land of Egypt.

II. INSTRUCTIONS FOR ALL PASSOVERS TO COME
A. SEVEN DAY FEAST

>>1. ETERNAL ‘MEMORIAL DAY’ (Ex 12:14)
This day [14th] shall be for you a “memorial” day, and you shall keep it as a feast to YHWH throughout your generations. You shall keep this feast as an eternal ordinance.
>>2. FEAST OF UNLEAVENED BREAD (Ex 12:15-17)
Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread. On the first day you shall remove leaven out of your houses, for if anyone eats what is leavened, from the first day until the seventh day, that person shall be cut off from Israel.
On the first day you shall hold a holy assembly, and on the seventh day a holy assembly. No work shall be done on those days. But what everyone needs to eat, that alone may be prepared by you.
And you shall observe the Feast of Unleavened Bread, for on this very day I brought your hosts out of the land of Egypt. Therefore you shall observe this day, throughout your generations, as an eternal ordinance.

>>3. IMPORTANCE OF REMOVING LEAVEN (Ex 12:18-20)
In the first month, from the 14th day of the month at evening, you shall eat unleavened bread until the 21st day of the month at evening.
For seven days no leaven is to be found in your houses. If anyone eats what is leavened, that person will be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he is a sojourner or a native of the land.
You shall eat nothing leavened; in all your dwelling places you shall eat unleavened bread.

B. FOUNDATION OF THE FEAST
>>1. REVIEW OF FIRST PASSOVER (Ex 12:21-23; also Lev 14:6; Num 19:6; Num 19:18; Ps 51:7; Jn 19:29)
Then Moses called all the elders of Israel and said to them, “Go and select lambs for yourselves according to your clans, and kill the Passover lamb. Take a bunch of hyssop and dip it in the blood that is in the basin, and touch the lintel and the two doorposts with the blood that is in the basin. None of you shall go out of the door of his house until the morning. For YHWH will pass through to strike the Egyptians, and when he sees the blood on the lintel and on the two doorposts, YHWH will pass over the door and will not allow the destroyer to enter your houses to strike you.
>>2. RAMIFICATIONS (Ex 12:24-27a; also Luke 22:14-20)
You shall observe this rite as a statute for you and for your sons forever. And when you come to the land that YHWH will give you, as He has promised, you shall keep this service.
And when your children ask, ‘What do you mean by this service?’ you’ll say, ‘It is the sacrifice of YHWH’s Passover, for He passed over the houses of the people of Israel when He struck the Egyptians, sparing us.’

>>3. REACTION (Ex 12:27b-28)
And the people bowed their heads and worshiped. Then the people of Israel went and did so; as YHWH had commanded Moses and Aaron, so they did.

C. FOR NON-JEWS
>>1. REGULATIONS (Ex 12:43-46; also Jn 19:31-36)
And YHWH said to Moses and Aaron, “This is the statute of the Passover: no foreigner shall eat of it, but every slave that you bought may eat of it after you have circumcised him. No foreigner or hired worker may eat of it.
It shall be eaten in one house; you shall not take any of the flesh outside the house, and you shall not break any of its bones.

>>2. INCLUSIONS (Ex 12:47-50; also I Cor 5:7-8; 6:19-20; 11:17-34; I Pet 2:16-24)
All the congregation of Israel shall keep it. If a stranger stays with you and desires to keep the Passover to YHWH, let all his males be circumcised. Then he may come near and keep it; he shall be like a native of the land. But no uncircumcised person shall eat of it. There shall be one rule for both the native and the stranger who sojourns among you.” All the people of Israel did just as YHWH commanded Moses and Aaron.


Exodus: Cycle of Judgment (part 3)

Posted: June 11th, 2017 | Author: | Filed under: Sermons | No Comments »

<“Exodus: Cycle of Judgment (part 3)

Click Above to Listen!
A Sermon by Dr. Bob Griffin, Teaching Elder at Sovereign Grace Church

I. PLAGUE #8: LOCUSTS
A. JUDGMENT

>>1. HAVOC ON EGYPTIAN LIFE (Ex 10:1-11)
Then YHWH said to Moses, “Go in to Pharaoh, for I have hardened his heart and the heart of his servants, that I may show these signs of Mine among them, and that you may tell in the hearing of your son and of your grandson how I have dealt harshly with the Egyptians and what signs I have done among them, that you may know that I am YHWH.”
So Moses and Aaron went in to Pharaoh and said to him, “Thus says YHWH, the God of the Hebrews, ‘How long will you refuse to humble yourself before Me? Let My people go, that they may serve Me. For if you refuse to let My people go, behold, tomorrow I will bring locusts into your country, and they shall cover the face of the land, so that no one can see the ground. And they shall eat what is left to you after the hail, and they shall eat every tree of yours that grows in the field, and they shall fill your houses and the houses of all your servants and of all the Egyptians, as neither your fathers nor your grandfathers have seen, from the day they came on earth to this day.'” Then he turned and went out from Pharaoh.
Then Pharaoh’s servants said to him, “How long shall this man be a noose to us? Let the men go, that they may serve their God YHWH. Don’t you understand that Egypt is lost?”
So Moses and Aaron were brought back to Pharaoh. And he said to them, “Go, serve YHWH your God. But which ones are to go?” Moses replied, “We will go with our young and our old, with our sons and daughters, with our flocks and herds – we MUST hold a feast to the LORD.”
But he said to them, “YHWH be with you, if I ever let you and your little ones go! Look, you have some evil purpose in mind. No! The men among you can go, and serve YHWH, for that is what you are asking.” And they were driven out from Pharaoh’s presence.

>>2. HUMILIATION OF EGYPTIAN GODS “NUT”, “OSIRIS” & “SET” (Ex 10:12)
Ex 10:12 Then YHWH said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand over the land of Egypt for the locusts, so that they may come upon the land of Egypt and eat every plant in the land, all that the hail has left.”

B. RESPONSE
>>1. HELPLESSNESS OF PEOPLE (Ex 10:13-15)
So Moses stretched out his staff over the land of Egypt, and YHWH brought an east wind upon the land all that day and all that night. When it was morning, the east wind carried in locusts. The locusts came up over all the land of Egypt and settled on the whole country of Egypt, such a dense swarm of locusts as had never been before, nor ever will be again.
They covered the face of the whole land, so that the land was darkened, and they ate all the plants in the land and all the fruit of the trees that the hail had left. Not a green thing remained, neither tree nor plant of the field, through all the land of Egypt.

>>2. HARDENING OF PHARAOH (Ex 10:16-20)
Then Pharaoh hastily called Moses and Aaron and said, “I have sinned against YHWH your God, and against you. Now therefore, forgive [carry] my sin, please, only this once, and plead with YHWH your God only to remove this death from me.” So he went out from Pharaoh and pleaded with YHWH. And YHWH turned the wind into a very strong west wind, which carried the locusts, driving them into the Red Sea. Not a single locust was left in all the country of Egypt.
But YHWH hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he did not let the people of Israel go.

II. PLAGUE #9: DARKNESS
A. JUDGMENT

>>1. HAVOC ON EGYPTIAN LIFE (Ex 10:21-22)
Then YHWH said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand toward heaven, that there may be darkness over the land of Egypt, a darkness you can feel.” (also I Jn 1:5)
So Moses stretched out his hand toward heaven, and there was pitch darkness in all the land of Egypt three days.
>>2. HUMILIATION OF EGYPTIAN GOD “AMON-RE” (Ex 10:23)
They did not see one another, nor did anyone rise from his place for three days

B. RESPONSE
>>1. HELPLESSNESS OF PEOPLE (Ex 10:24-26)
Then Pharaoh called Moses and said, “Go, serve YHWH; your little ones also may go with you; just leave your flocks and herds behind.”
But Moses said, “You must also let us have sacrifices and burnt offerings, that we may sacrifice to YHWH our God. We will take our possessions [livestock] with us; not a hoof shall be left behind, for we must take of them to serve YHWH our God, and we do not know with what we must serve YHWH until we arrive there.”

>>2. HARDENING OF PHARAOH (Ex 10:27-29)
But YHWH hardened Pharaoh’s heart; he would not let them go.
Then Pharaoh said to him, “Get away from me; take care never to see my face again, for on the day you see my face you shall die.” Moses said, “As you say! I will not see your face again.”

III. PLAGUE #10: DEATH OF FIRSTBORN
A. JUDGMENT

>>1. HAVOC ON EGYPTIAN LIFE (Ex 11:1-7)
YHWH said to Moses, “Yet one plague more I will bring upon Pharaoh and upon Egypt. Afterward he will let you go from here. When he lets you go, he will drive you away completely. Speak now in the hearing of the people, that every man and woman ask their neighbor for silver and gold jewelry.”
And YHWH gave the people favor in the sight of the Egyptians. Moreover, the man Moses was very great in the land of Egypt, in the sight of Pharaoh’s servants and in the sight of the people.
So Moses said, “Thus says YHWH: ‘About midnight I will go out across Egypt, and every firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sits on his throne, even to the firstborn of the slave girl in the pit, and all the firstborn of the animals.
There shall be a great cry throughout all the land of Egypt, such as there has never been, nor ever will be again. But not a dog shall growl against any of the people of Israel, either man or animal, that you may know that YHWH makes a distinction between Egypt and Israel.’

>>2. HUMILIATION OF EGYPTIAN GODS OSIRIS, ISIS & AMON-RE (Ex 11:8-10)
And all these your servants shall come down to me and bow down to me, saying, ‘Get out, you and all the people who follow you.’ And after that I will go out.” And he went out from Pharaoh in hot anger.
Then YHWH said to Moses, “Pharaoh will not listen to you, that My wonders may be multiplied in the land of Egypt.” Moses and Aaron did all these wonders before Pharaoh, and YHWH hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he did not let the people of Israel go out of his land.

B. RESPONSE (shortened version)
>>1. HELPLESSNESS OF PEOPLE (Ex 12:29-30)
At midnight YHWH struck down all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sat on his throne to the firstborn of the captive woman in the dungeon, and all the firstborn of the livestock.
And Pharaoh arose in the night, he and all his servants and all the Egyptians. And there was a great cry in Egypt, for there was not a house where someone was not dead.

>>2. HARDENING OF PHARAOH (Ex 12:31-33)
Then he summoned Moses and Aaron that night and said, “Rise, leave my people, both you and the people of Israel; and go, serve YHWH, as you have said. Take your flocks and your herds, as you have asked, and be gone. And bless me [by doing this] as well!”
The Egyptians were urgent with the people to send them out of the land in haste. For they said, “We shall all be dead.”
(also Ps 78:49; 105:36; 135:8; 136:10)”

Conclusion: God sent these plagues
To answer Pharaoh’s question, Who is the Lord? (Ex 5:2)
To show the power of God through Moses (Ex 9:16)
To give a testimony to the children of Israel for future generations (Ex 10:2)
To judge the false gods – really demons – of Egypt (Ex 12:12)
To warn the nations – more than 400 years later, the Philistines remembered YHWH God of Israel as the one who plagued the Egyptians (I Sam 4:8)
As a testimony of the greatness of God to Israel (Ex 15:11)